Adaptive Psychological Resilience



Resilience Is…


The ability to maintain a state of normal equilibrium in the face of extremely unfavorable circumstances

—Ahmed Ahmed, A.S., “Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Resilience and Vulnerability,” Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 2007. 13(5): pp. 369–375.

The dynamic process of transactions within and among multiple levels of children’s environment over time that influences their capacity to successfully adapt and function despite experiencing chronic stress and adversity

—Aisenberg, E., and T. Herrenkohl, “Community Violence in Context: Risk and Resilience in Children and Families,” Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2008. 23(3): pp. 296–315.

The capacity to develop a high degree of competence in spite of stressful environments and experiences.
The ability to recover from or adjust easily to misfortune or sustained life stress.

—Allison, S., et al., “What the Family Brings: Gathering Evidence for Strengths-Based Work,” Journal of Family Therapy, 2003. 25(3): pp. 263–284.

Positive outcomes in the face of adversity

—Alriksson-Schmidt, A.I., J. Wallander, and F. Biasini, “Quality of Life and Resilience in Adolescents with a Mobility Disability,” Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 2007. 32(3): 1–10.

Characteristics, dimensions, and properties of families which help families to be resistant to disruption in the face of change, and adaptive in the face of crisis situations

—Black, K., and M. Lobo, “A Conceptual Review of Family Resilience Factors,” Journal of Family Nursing, 2008. 14(1): pp. 33–55 and Patterson, J.M., “Integrating Family Resilience and Family Stress Therapy,” Journal of Marriage and Family, 2002. 64(May 2002): pp. 349–360.

The ability of adults in otherwise normal circumstances who are exposed to an isolated/and potentially highly disruptive event…to maintain relatively stable, healthy levels of psychological functioning.

—Bonanno, G.A., et al., “What Predicts Psychological Resilience After Disaster? The Role of Demographics, Resources, and Life Stress,” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2007. 75(5): pp. 671–682.

Resilient individuals…generally exhibit a stable trajectory of healthy functioning across time, as well as the capacity for generative experiences and positive emotions.”

—Bonanno, G.A., “Loss, Trauma, and Human Resilience—Have We Underestimated the Human Capacity to Thrive after Extremely Aversive Events?,” American Psychologist, Vol. 59, No. 1, January 2004, pp. 20–28.


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